The Hawaiian Islands are known for their tropical climate, pristine beaches, and rich Polynesian culture. For those familiar with Hawaii, Midway often comes up as an outlier – a small group of islands located far from the populated Hawaiian islands yet still considered part of the Hawaiian archipelago. In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at Midway’s history, geography, and relationship to the Hawaiian Islands to answer the question: is Midway part of Hawaii?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Yes, Midway is part of Hawaii. While the Midway Atoll is located far northwest of the main Hawaiian islands, it is politically and administratively considered part of the U.S. state of Hawaii.

Geographic Location and History of Midway

Midway’s Geographic Location in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Midway Atoll, commonly known as Midway, is a group of three small islands located in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It lies approximately halfway between North America and Asia, making it an important strategic location in the Pacific Ocean. Midway is situated about 1,300 miles northwest of Honolulu, the capital of Hawaii.

Midway Atoll is part of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, the largest protected area in the United States and one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world. Its remote location and pristine ecosystem make it a haven for a wide variety of marine life, including endangered species such as green sea turtles, Hawaiian monk seals, and several species of seabirds.

History of Midway as a Strategic Military Base

During the early 20th century, Midway Atoll served as a crucial waypoint for trans-Pacific aviation routes. However, its strategic importance skyrocketed during World War II. The Battle of Midway, fought in June 1942, was a turning point in the war in the Pacific. The United States successfully repelled a Japanese attack, inflicting significant damage on the Japanese navy. This pivotal victory shifted the balance of power in the Pacific and marked the beginning of the end for the Japanese Empire.

Following the war, Midway continued to serve as a crucial military base during the Cold War. The United States operated an airfield and a submarine base on the atoll. However, with advancements in technology and changes in military strategy, the base was eventually decommissioned in 1993.

Midway as a National Wildlife Refuge

Today, Midway Atoll is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge is home to millions of seabirds, including the world’s largest colony of Laysan albatrosses. Visitors to Midway can witness the incredible spectacle of these majestic birds nesting and raising their chicks.

In addition to its avian inhabitants, Midway Atoll also supports a diverse array of marine life. Coral reefs surround the islands, providing a habitat for countless species of fish, turtles, and other marine organisms. The refuge plays a vital role in the conservation of these fragile ecosystems and serves as an important research site for scientists studying climate change and its impact on the world’s oceans.

If you’re interested in learning more about Midway Atoll and its rich history and biodiversity, you can visit the official website of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service:

Political and Administrative Ties to Hawaii

Midway as Part of Honolulu County

Midway Atoll, commonly known as Midway, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the North Pacific Ocean. Despite its remote location, Midway is indeed a part of the state of Hawaii. It is situated approximately 1,300 miles northwest of Honolulu, the capital of Hawaii. Geographically, Midway is considered to be part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, a chain of small islands and atolls.

In terms of political and administrative ties, Midway is officially part of Honolulu County, one of the five counties of the state of Hawaii. Honolulu County encompasses the entire island of Oahu, where the city of Honolulu is located. However, it is important to note that Midway is not physically connected to the main Hawaiian Islands and is instead considered an outlying area.

Despite being part of Honolulu County, Midway has a distinct governance structure due to its unique status. The atoll is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. This protected area stretches over 1,200 nautical miles and is home to diverse marine life and seabird colonies.

Governance and Services Provided by Hawaii

As part of Hawaii, Midway receives certain services and benefits from the state. Although the atoll does not have a permanent population, it is visited by researchers, conservationists, and military personnel. The state of Hawaii provides logistical support and infrastructure to facilitate these visits.

Additionally, Hawaii extends its governance and regulatory authority to Midway. This includes environmental regulations, fishing restrictions, and protection of the marine ecosystem. The state also collaborates with federal agencies to ensure the preservation of the natural resources and wildlife in the area.

Visitors to Midway can experience the rich history and wildlife of the atoll through organized tours and educational programs. These initiatives are supported by various organizations, including the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge and the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center.

For more information about the political and administrative ties between Midway and Hawaii, you can visit the official websites of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service ( and the State of Hawaii (

Ecological Connections to the Hawaiian Islands

When it comes to understanding the ecological connections of the Hawaiian Islands, it is important to consider the unique relationship between Midway and the rest of the archipelago. While Midway Atoll is technically located outside of the main Hawaiian Islands, it is still considered part of the larger Hawaiian Island chain.

Shared Marine Ecosystem

One of the key ecological connections between Midway and the Hawaiian Islands is the shared marine ecosystem. The surrounding waters of Midway are home to a diverse array of marine life, including corals, fish, and sea turtles. Many of these species can also be found in the waters around the main Hawaiian Islands, indicating a strong connection between the two areas. The health of the marine ecosystem in Midway is closely linked to the health of the surrounding waters, making conservation efforts in both areas crucial for preserving the biodiversity of the entire Hawaiian Island chain.

Overlapping Wildlife Populations

In addition to the shared marine ecosystem, Midway and the Hawaiian Islands also have overlapping wildlife populations. For example, Midway is home to a large population of seabirds, including the iconic Laysan albatross. These seabirds travel between Midway and the main Hawaiian Islands, using both areas for breeding and foraging. The presence of these seabirds is not only important for the ecological balance of Midway but also for the health of the seabird populations in the main Hawaiian Islands. Protecting the habitats in both areas is crucial for the long-term survival of these species.


In conclusion, while Midway Atoll is located far from Hawaii’s most well-known islands, it is very much part of the Hawaiian archipelago. Midway has strong geographic, political, administrative, and ecological ties to the Hawaiian Islands that justify it being considered part of the state of Hawaii. So the next time you think of Hawaii, remember the remote yet beautiful Midway Atoll as the northwestern-most island in this iconic island chain.

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