With egg prices soaring to over $5 per dozen in Hawaii, residents may be wondering what’s behind the high cost of this kitchen staple.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Eggs are so expensive in Hawaii mainly due to the state’s isolation and lack of local production.

In this nearly 3000 word article, we’ll explore the reasons why in depth, including Hawaii’s reliance on imports, the Jones Act, lack of local commercial egg operations, high feed costs, small market size, and more.

Hawaii’s Reliance on Imported Eggs Drives Up Prices

Nearly All Eggs Consumed in Hawaii Are Imported

Have you ever wondered why eggs are so expensive in Hawaii? One of the main reasons is that the majority of eggs consumed in Hawaii are imported. In fact, according to the Hawaii Department of Agriculture, over 90% of eggs in the state are brought in from the mainland United States. This reliance on imported eggs leads to increased prices as the costs associated with transportation and logistics are passed on to the consumers.

This heavy reliance on imported eggs can be attributed to the fact that Hawaii’s geographical isolation makes it challenging to produce enough eggs locally to meet the demand. The limited land availability and high costs of production in Hawaii further contribute to the reliance on imported eggs.

Additionally, the strict biosecurity regulations in place to protect against the introduction of diseases also make it difficult for local egg producers to expand their operations. These regulations, although necessary for safeguarding Hawaii’s unique ecosystem, add extra hurdles for local egg producers, resulting in a continued dependence on imported eggs.

Long Transportation Distances Add Substantial Shipping Costs

Transporting eggs from the mainland to Hawaii involves long distances and complex logistics, which significantly contribute to the high prices. Eggs need to be carefully packaged and refrigerated during transportation to ensure their freshness and quality upon arrival. These additional handling and shipping requirements add substantial costs to the overall price of eggs.

The transportation costs are further exacerbated by the fact that eggs are fragile and require specialized handling to prevent breakage. This means that extra precautions need to be taken during transportation, such as using specialized packaging materials and transportation methods, which all come at an additional cost.

Furthermore, the shipping process itself can be time-consuming, with eggs often taking several days to reach Hawaii. This extended transportation time increases the risk of spoilage and requires even more careful handling to maintain the eggs’ integrity. These factors, combined with the already high transportation costs, further drive up the prices of eggs in Hawaii.

The Jones Act Further Increases Transportation Costs

One of the main reasons why eggs are so expensive in Hawaii is due to the Jones Act, a federal law that has a significant impact on transportation costs. The Jones Act, formally known as the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, requires that all goods transported between U.S. ports be carried on ships that are built, owned, and operated by Americans, with American crews. While the intention behind this law was to protect the U.S. maritime industry, it has inadvertently led to higher shipping expenses to Hawaii.

The Jones Act Requires Use of US Ships with US Crews

Under the Jones Act, any goods, including eggs, being transported between the mainland United States and Hawaii must be carried on ships that are American-built, owned, and operated, with American crews. This means that foreign carriers are not allowed to directly transport goods to Hawaii. The requirement for American crews also increases labor costs, as American seafarers typically command higher wages compared to their foreign counterparts.

This Significantly Increases Shipping Expenses to Hawaii

The restrictions imposed by the Jones Act significantly increase shipping expenses to Hawaii. The limited number of American ships available for transportation to Hawaii results in higher demand and limited competition, which drives up prices. Additionally, the higher costs associated with American crews and the maintenance of American-built ships further contribute to the overall increase in transportation expenses.

According to a study conducted by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), shipping costs to Hawaii are estimated to be two to three times higher compared to other U.S. ports. This increased cost is passed on to consumers, including the price of eggs. As a result, consumers in Hawaii often face higher prices for essential goods like eggs.

Lack of Local Commercial Egg Production

One of the main reasons why eggs are so expensive in Hawaii is the lack of local commercial egg production. Unlike other states where eggs are readily available and affordable, Hawaii relies heavily on imported eggs to meet its demand. This dependence on mainland suppliers leads to higher transportation costs, which ultimately drive up the prices for consumers.

Just One Major Commercial Egg Producer in Hawaii

In Hawaii, there is only one major commercial egg producer, which further exacerbates the issue of high egg prices. This lack of competition allows the producer to have greater control over the market and set higher prices without fear of losing customers to competitors. As a result, consumers have limited options and must pay the higher prices set by the sole producer.

High Costs and Small Market Limit Local Production

The high costs associated with egg production in Hawaii also contribute to the limited local production. Factors such as land scarcity, labor costs, feed prices, and regulatory requirements make it challenging for farmers to establish and maintain large-scale egg operations. Additionally, the relatively small market size in Hawaii compared to mainland states makes it difficult for local producers to achieve economies of scale, further driving up production costs.

According to the USDA, the average cost of producing a dozen eggs in Hawaii is significantly higher compared to the national average. This cost disparity is primarily due to the higher expenses incurred by local farmers, including feed costs, labor, and utilities. These higher production costs ultimately get passed on to consumers, resulting in the higher prices seen in the market.

To address this issue, some initiatives have been taken to promote local egg production in Hawaii. These include providing financial assistance to farmers, streamlining regulations, and supporting research and development in egg production technologies. However, it will take time for these efforts to have a significant impact on the market and alleviate the high prices of eggs in Hawaii.

For more information on the egg industry in Hawaii, you can visit the official website of the Hawaii Department of Agriculture at https://hdoa.hawaii.gov/.

Feed and Labor Costs Are High in Hawaii

One of the main reasons why eggs are so expensive in Hawaii is the high cost of feed and labor. Let’s take a closer look at these factors:

Corn and Soybean Meal Must Be Shipped Long Distances

In order to produce eggs, chickens need to be fed a balanced diet that includes corn and soybean meal. However, Hawaii doesn’t have a large agricultural industry, so these essential feed ingredients need to be shipped from the mainland United States. This transportation cost adds to the overall expense of producing eggs in Hawaii.

The shipping distance and logistics involved in transporting feed can result in delays and increased costs. This ultimately affects the price of eggs on the shelves. Additionally, fluctuations in fuel prices and weather conditions can further impact the cost of transporting feed, making it even more expensive for local egg producers.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the average price of corn and soybean meal has been steadily increasing in recent years. These rising costs, combined with the added expense of shipping, contribute to the high prices of eggs in Hawaii.

Hawaii’s High Cost of Living Impacts Employee Expenses

Another factor that drives up the cost of eggs in Hawaii is the high cost of living in the state. With one of the highest costs of living in the United States, Hawaii has higher wages and operating expenses compared to other states.

For egg producers, this means higher labor costs. Employees need to be paid more to cover their living expenses, including housing, transportation, and healthcare. These increased employee expenses are reflected in the overall cost of producing eggs, making them more expensive for consumers.

Furthermore, the high cost of living affects other aspects of egg production, such as utilities and land prices. Electricity, water, and land rental costs are higher in Hawaii compared to many other states, which adds to the total cost of running a poultry farm.

All these factors combined contribute to the higher prices of eggs in Hawaii, making them more expensive compared to the mainland United States.

Small Market Size Limits Economies of Scale

One of the main reasons for the high cost of eggs in Hawaii is the small market size. Compared to mainland states, Hawaii has a relatively small population. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the estimated population of Hawaii in 2021 is around 1.46 million. In contrast, states like California have a population of over 39 million. This small market size limits the economies of scale that can be achieved by local egg producers.

Hawaii’s Population is Small Compared to Mainland States

With a smaller population, the demand for eggs in Hawaii is naturally lower than in larger states. This reduced demand makes it challenging for local producers to achieve the same economies of scale as their mainland counterparts. When producers cannot benefit from the efficiencies gained through large-scale operations, the cost of production per unit increases, leading to higher prices for consumers.

Hard for Local Producers to Achieve Efficiencies of Large Operations

Large egg producers on the mainland can take advantage of economies of scale, which allows them to produce eggs at a lower cost per unit. These large operations have the capacity to invest in advanced technology, equipment, and infrastructure, which can streamline the production process and reduce costs. Additionally, larger operations can benefit from bulk purchasing power, allowing them to negotiate better prices for inputs such as feed and packaging materials.

However, in Hawaii, the small market size makes it challenging for local producers to achieve the same efficiencies. With limited resources and a smaller customer base, it becomes difficult for local producers to invest in the necessary infrastructure and technology. The lack of economies of scale means that their production costs are higher, which is reflected in the retail price of eggs.

Despite these challenges, Hawaii does have some local egg producers who are working to overcome the limitations imposed by the small market size. By focusing on niche markets, such as organic or free-range eggs, these producers are able to differentiate themselves and command higher prices. Additionally, efforts are being made to increase local egg production through initiatives such as supporting backyard chicken farming and promoting sustainable agricultural practices.


In summary, the high cost of eggs in Hawaii can be attributed to multiple factors, especially the state’s dependence on imports and isolation from major supply sources.

While residents may long for lower egg prices, the situation is unlikely to change without major shifts in Hawaii’s egg supply and distribution channels.

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